Fishing Techniques

There are the basics of fishing - I am going to the pond with my spinning reel, and then there are the other decisions. How does one cast from this kind of shoreline? what kind of bait is best to use for this fish at this time of day? Is it better to fish with a bait presented near the surface or with a lure that is close to the bottom of the lake? These kinds of questions are addressing what can become finer and finer points regarding fishing techniques.